National Capital History Day

A group of people in historical attire, including Victorian and colonial clothing, standing in front of iconic national capital buildings from around the world..
National capital history day illustration

Hey there, history buffs! Are you ready to dive into the fascinating world of National Capital History Day? Get ready to uncover some juicy tidbits about the capital cities that have shaped nations throughout the ages.

When is Capital History Day?

It's national capital history day on the 27th April.

A Glimpse Into History

Imagine a world without capital cities. It would be chaos! Thankfully, National Capital History Day is here to remind us of the pivotal role these epicenters of power have played in shaping our societies. From the grandeur of ancient capitals like Rome and Athens to the bustling metropolises of today, each capital city has its own unique story to tell.

Let's take a trip back in time, shall we? In the cradle of civilization, we find the magnificent city of Rome. Once hailed as the capital of the world, it was home to the Roman Empire and witnessed the rise and fall of emperors, exquisite architecture like the Colosseum, and, of course, chariot races!

Skipping ahead a few centuries, we arrive in Paris, the City of Light. With its iconic landmarks such as the Eiffel Tower and Louvre Museum, Paris has long captivated the world with its art, culture, and style. Oh, and let's not forget about the mouthwatering pastries – croissants, anyone?

Fast forward to the modern era, where we find bustling megacities like Tokyo and New York City. These concrete jungles not only serve as economic powerhouses but also as cultural melting pots. From sushi bars to hot dog stands, they offer a smorgasbord of culinary delights that will leave your taste buds begging for more.

So, whether you're strolling through the ancient ruins of Rome or gazing up at the towering skyscrapers of New York City, take a moment on National Capital History Day to appreciate the rich history and vibrant energy of these incredible capital cities.

History behind the term 'Capital History'


Emergence of Capital as a Financial Concept

In 1753, the term 'capital' first emerged as a financial concept. It was derived from the Latin word 'caput,' meaning 'head.' Originally, capital referred to the total wealth used in the production of goods and services by individuals or businesses. This concept laid the foundation for understanding the role of capital in economic systems.


Marxist Critiques and Capital History

In 1848, Karl Marx published his influential book 'The Communist Manifesto,' which discussed the historical development of capital from feudalism to capitalism. Marx's work introduced the term 'capital history' to describe the study of the social, economic, and political changes associated with the rise of capitalism. It emphasized the exploitation of labor, class struggles, and the accumulation of wealth by capitalists.


Max Weber's Theory of Capitalism

In 1899, German sociologist Max Weber published 'The Protestant Ethic and the Spirit of Capitalism.' Weber introduced the concept of 'capital history' as an investigation into the cultural and religious factors that influenced the development of capitalism. He explored how Protestant ethics and beliefs played a role in positive attitudes towards hard work, thriftiness, and wealth accumulation, thus contributing to the rise of capitalism.


Fernand Braudel's 'Capitalism and Material Life'

In 1953, French historian Fernand Braudel published 'Capitalism and Material Life,' which provided an influential perspective on capital history. Braudel emphasized the long-term historical processes that shaped capitalism, such as the role of trade, market structures, and the interplay between economic systems and social organization. His approach highlighted the importance of studying various forms of capital, including financial, commercial, and cultural capital.


Expansion of Capital History as an Academic Field

During the 1990s, capital history expanded as an academic field, encompassing interdisciplinary perspectives from history, economics, sociology, and cultural studies. Scholars increasingly examined the global dimensions of capital history, analyzing the colonial and post-colonial contexts, the impact of capitalism on different regions, and the dynamics of globalization. This multidisciplinary approach enriched our understanding of how capital has shaped societies throughout history.

Did you know?

Did you know that Tokyo, the capital of Japan, was originally known as Edo? It changed its name to Tokyo in 1868, which means 'Eastern Capital' in Japanese. Talk about a rebranding success story!


history culture travel

First identified

30th April 2015

Most mentioned on

27th April 2016

Total mentions


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